The interrogative form - wordscoach.com

The interrogative form

The interrogative form is different if the verb is an ‘auxiliary’ verb (to be, to have, will, can, etc.), or a ‘normal’ (non-auxiliary) verb.


Interrogative of auxiliary verbs

  • If the verb is an auxiliary verb, the interrogative is formed without the auxiliary do/does/did.

Example:

  1. Are you Japanese?
  2. Can I ask you a question?
  3. Can I talk to you?
  4. Have you read this book?


Interrogative of normal verbs (non-auxiliary verbs) 

  • If the verb is ‘normal’, the interrogative is formed with the auxiliary do/does/did. As always after an auxiliary verb, the verb is added in the infinitive without to.

Example: 

  1. Did she see the movie?
  2. Do you speak English?
  3. Does Rubina live in USA?
  4. Do you like that album?


Inverting the auxiliary to form the interrogative

  • The interrogative sentence is formed by inverting  (changing the position) the first auxiliary verb.

Example:

  1. You would tell me. => Would you tell me?
  2. You can swim. => Can you swim?
  3. Fenil is lucky. => Is Fenil lucky?

Note: The ‘normal’ verb to do is also conjugated with the auxiliary do/does/did.

Example:

 1.  Does he do his homework on time?

– In the case of interrogatives introduced by pronouns (Who, What)

  • If the interrogative pronoun is a subject, there is no inversion:
  1. Who told you this?
  2. Who is here?
  • If the interrogative pronoun is an object, there is an inversion:
  1. What did he say?
  2. What are you thinking about?


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