500+ Medical List Of Abbreviations - wordscoach.com

500+ Medical List Of Abbreviations

The abbreviations that are used by doctors, nurses, or other medical professionals people to write a description are known as medical abbreviations.

Medical List Of Abbreviations


AD – autonomic dysreflexia AV – atrioventricular
ASD – atrial septal defect AF – atrial fibrillation or afebrile
ASHD – atherosclerotic heart disease ASCVD – atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASAP – as soon as possible ad lib – as much as needed
A-VO2 – arteriovenous oxygen A-V – arteriovenous
ABG – arterial blood gas AS – aortic stenosis
AI – aortic insufficiency ANA – antinuclear antibody
ADH – anti-diuretic hormone AP – anteroposterior or abdominal
AFO – ankle foot orthosis ASIA – American Spinal Injury Association
amb – ambulate A-a gradient – alveolar to arterial gradient
AFP – alpha-fetoprotein AOB – alcohol on breath
A/G – albumin/globulin ratio ACLS – advanced cardiac life support
AODM – adult onset diabetes mellitus ACTH – adrenocorticotropic hormone
ARDS – acute respiratory distress syndrome ARF – acute renal failure
AML – acute myelogenous leukemia ALL – acute lymphocytic leukemia
AAS – acute abdominal series ADL – activity of daily living
AFB – acid-fast bacilli AKA – above the knee amputation
AAA – abdominal aortic aneurysm ABD – abdomen


bid – twice a dayBBB – bundle branch block
BRBPR – bright red blood per rectumBCAA – branched chain amino acids
BS – bowel or breath soundsBC – bowel care
BM – bone marrow or bowel movementBW – body weight
BUN – blood urea nitrogenBP – blood pressure
BX – biopsyBOM – bilateral otitis media
bilat – bilateralBPH – benign prostatic hypertrophy
BKA – below the knee amputationBPM – beats per minute
BRP – bathroom privilegesBMR – basal metabolic rate
BEE – basal energy expenditureBE – barium enema


CMV – cytomegalovirus CF – cystic fibrosis
CVAT – CVA tenderness C&S – culture and sensitivity
CAA – crystalline amino acids CCV – critical closing volume
CPK – creatinine phosphokinase CRCL – creatinine clearance
CRP – C-reactive protein CN – cranial nerves
CAD – coronary artery disease CABG – coronary artery bypass graft
CPAP – continuous positive airway pressure CHF – congestive heart failure
CT – computerized tomography CAT – computerized axial tomography
CBC – complete blood count C/O – complaining of
CCU – clean catch urine or cardiac care unit CRF – chronic renal failure
COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COLD – chronic obstructive lung disease
CML – chronic myelogenous leukemia CGL – chronic granulocytic leukemia
CC – chief complaint CXR – chest X-ray
CP – chest pain or cerebral palsy CSW – certified social worker
CSF – cerebrospinal fluid CVP – central venous pressure
CNS – central nervous system CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CO – cardiac output CI – cardiac index
CHO – carbohydrate CBG – capillary blood gas
CA – cancer Ca – calcium


DOE – dyspnea on exertionDNR – do not resuscitate
DIP – distal interphalangeal jointDAW – dispense as written
DC – discontinue or dischargeDPT – diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
D&C – dilation and curettageDDx – differential diagnosis
DAT – diet as toleratedDPL – diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DX – diagnosisDKA – diabetic ketoacidosis
DM – diabetes mellitusDI – diabetes insipidus
DNA – deoxyribonucleic acidDJD – degenerative joint disease
DVT – deep venous thrombosisDTR – deep tendon reflexes
dL – deciliterDOA – dead on arrival
D5W – 5% dextrose in water


EOM – extraocular musclesECD – external continence device
EUA – examination under anesthesiaETOH – ethanol
EBL – estimated blood lossEFAD – essential fatty acid deficiency
EAA – essential amino acidsESR – erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ED – erectile dysfunctionETT – endotracheal tube
ET – endotrachealEMG – Electromyogram
ECT – electroconvulsive therapyECG – electrocardiogram
ENT – ears, nose, and throat


FRC – functional residual capacityFES – functional electrical stimulation
FFP – fresh frozen plasmaFx – fracture
FVC – forced vital capacityFEV – forced expiratory volume
FU – follow-upFUO – fever of unknown origin
FBS – fasting blood sugarFTT – failure to thrive


GSW – gun shot wound gr – grain; 1 grain – 65mg
GXT – graded exercise tolerance GC – gonorrhea
GTT – glucose tolerance test GFR – glomerular filtration rate
GU – genitourinary GETT – general by endotracheal tube
GI – gastrointestinal gt or gtt – drops


HTN – hypertension HIV – human immunodeficiency virus
HCG – human chorionic gonadotropin HPI – history of present illness
HO – history of Hx – history
HLA – histocompatibility locus antigen HPF – high power field
HDL – high density lipoprotein HBP – high blood pressure
HSV – herpes simplex virus HSM – hepatosplenomegaly
HJR – hepatojugular reflex HAA – hepatitis B surface antigen
HAV – hepatitis A virus Hgb – hemoglobin
HCT – hematocrit HR – heart rate
HA – headache HEENT – head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
HOB – head of bed HS – at bedtime


IVP – intravenous pyelogram INF – intravenous nutritional fluid
IV – intravenous IM – intramuscular
IT – interthecal IPPB – intermittent positive pressure breathing
IMV – intermittent mandatory ventilation ICS – intercostal space
ICU – intensive care unit I&O – intake and output
IRDM – insulin resistant diabetes mellitus ID – infectious disease or identification
IRBBB – incomplete right bundle branch block I&D – incision and drainage
IG – immunoglobulin ITP – idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IHSS – idiopathic hypertropic subaortic stenosis


JVD = jugular venous distentionJODM = juvenile onset diabetes mellitus


KAFO – knee ankle foot orthosisKT – kinesio therapy or kinesiotherapist
KUB – kidneys, ureters, bladderKVO – keep vein open
KOR – keep open rate


LE – lupus erythematosus LP – lumbar puncture
LDL – low density lipoprotein LPN – licensed practical nurse
LVH – left ventricular hypertrophy LVEDP – left ventricular end diastolic pressure
LV – left ventricle LUL – left upper quadrant
LLL – left lower lobe LIH – left inguinal hernia
LBBB – left bundle branch block LAD – left axis deviation or left anterior descending
LAE – left atrial enlargement LAHB – left anterior hemiblock
L – left LNMP – last normal menstrual period
LMP – last menstrual period LDH – lactate dehydrogenase


MI – myocardial infarction or mitral insufficiency MVI – multivitamin injection
MVA – motor vehicle accident MAO – monoamine oxidase
mmol – millimole mL – milliliter
MLE – midline episiotomy MSSA – methicillin-sensitive staph aureus
MRSA – methicillin resistant staph aureus MUSE – medicated urethral system erection
MAST – medical antishock trousers MMR – measles, mumps, rubella
MCV – mean cell volume MCHC – mean cell hemoglobin concentration
MCH – mean cell hemoglobin MAP – mean arterial pressure
MVV – maximum voluntary ventilation MMEF – maximal mid expiratory flow
MBT – maternal blood type MRI – magnetic resonance imaging


NMR – nuclear magnetic resonance NPO – nothing by mouth
NSR – normal sinus rhythm NSAID – non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NIDDM – non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus NRM – no regular medications
NKDA – no known drug allergies NKA – no known allergies
NED – no evidence of recurrent disease NAS – no added salt
NAD – no active disease NCV – nerve conduction velocity
NT – nasotracheal NG – nasogastric
ng – nanogram


OD – overdose or right eye OOB – out of bed
OM – otitis media OPV – oral polio vaccine
OCG – oral cholecystogram OR – operating room
OB – obstetrics OS – left eye
OU – both eyes


PPD – purified protein derivative PS – pulmonic stenosis
PI – pulmonic insufficiency disease PFT – pulmonary function tests
PCWP – pulmonary capillary wedge pressure PAP – pulmonary artery pressure
PT – prothrombin time, or physical therapy PSA – prostate-specific antigen
PPMS – primary progressive multiple sclerosis PMH – previous medical history
PVC – premature ventricular contraction PAC – premature atrial contraction
PTSD – post-traumatic stress disorder PP – postprandial or pulsus paradoxus
PPS – post-polio syndrome POD – post-op day
PA – posteroanterior PVR – post voiding residual
PEEP – positive end expiratory pressure PMN – polymorphonuclear leukocyte
PMI – point of maximal impulse pg – picogram
PDR – physicians desk reference PKU – phenylketonuria
PVD – peripheral vascular disease PaO2 – peripheral arterial oxygen content
PTHC – percutanous transhepatic cholangiogram P&PD – percussion and postural drainage
PUD – peptic ulcer disease Pt – patient
PDA – patent ductus arteriosus PTT – partial thromboplastin time
PAT – paroxysymal atrial tachycardia PND – paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PTH – parathyroid hormone P – para
PRBC – packed red blood cells PR – by rectum
PO – by mouth PRN – as needed
PAO2 – alveolar oxygen PC – after eating


Qt – total cardiac output Qs/Qt – shunt fraction
QNS – quantity not sufficient qid – four times a day
qod – every other day qh – every hour
qd – every day q4h – every 4 hours, every 6 hours etc.
q – every


Rx – treatmentR/O – rule out
RVH – right ventricular hyperthrophyRUQ – right upper quadrant
RUL – right upper lobeRML – right middle lobe
RLQ – right lower quadrantRLL – right lower lobe
RIH – right inguinal herniaRBBB – right bundle branch block
RAP – right atrial pressureRAE – right atrial enlargement
RAD – right atrial axis deviationR – right
RNA – ribonucleic acidRA – rheumatoid arthritis or right atrium
ROS – review of systemsRTC – return to clinic
RUG – retrograde urethogramRPG – retrograde pyelogram
RBP – retinol-binding proteinRT – respiratory or radiation therapy
RU – resin uptakeRV – residual volume
RTA – renal tubular acidosisRRMS – relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis
RPMS – relapsing-progressive multiple sclerosisRRR – regular rate and rhyth
RDW – red cell distribution widthRBC – red blood cell
RDA – recommended daily allowanceROM – range of motion
RIA – radioimmunoassay


sig – write on labels – without
SEM – systolic ejection murmurSLE – systemic lupus erythematous
SAA – synthetic amino acidSx – symptoms
SG – Swan-GanzS&E – sugar and acetone
sl – sublingualSOAP – Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan
SQ – subcutaneousSBE – subacute bacterial endocarditis
SVD – spontaneous vaginal deliverySCI/D – spinal cord injury and disorder
SCI – spinal cord injurySW – social worker
SGA – small for gestational ageSBFT – small bowel follow through
SMO – slips made outSA – sinoatrial
SOB – shortness of breathSBS – short bowel syndrome
SGPT – serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminaseSGOT – serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase
SGGT – serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidaseSCr – serum creatinine
SPMS – secondary preogressive multiple sclerosisss – one-half
STAT – immediately


T&H – type and hold T&C – type and cross
tw – twice a week TURBT – TUR bladder tumors
TB – tuberculosis TU – tuberculin units
TOPV – trivalent oral polio vaccine Tx – treatment, transplant
TURP – transurethral resection of prostate TUR – transurethral resection
TIA – transient ischemic attack TVH – total vaginal hysterectomy
TPN – total parenteral nutrition TLC – total lung capacity
TIBC – total iron binding capacity TBG – total binding globulin
TAH – total abdominal hysterectomy TNTC – too numerous to count
TKO – to keep open TV – tidal volume
TSH – thyroid stimulating hormone TTP – thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TT – thrombin time tid – three times a day
Td – tetanus-diphtheria toxoid TIG – tetanus immune globulin
TMJ – temporo mandibular joint TO – telephone order


ud – use as directedUUN – urinary urea nitrogen
UTI – urinary tract infectionUA – urinalysis
UAC – uric acidURI – upper respiratory infection
UGI – upper gastrointestinalUS – ultrasound


VCUG – voiding cystourethrogram VSS – vital signs stable
VC – vital capacity VO – verbal or voice order
V/Q – ventilation VMA – vanillymadelic acid


WPW – Wolf-Parkinson-White WNL – within normal limits
WB – whole blood WM – white male
WF – white female WBC – white blood cell or count
WN – well nourished WD – well developed


XRT – X-ray therapyyo – years old
ZE – Zollinger-Ellison



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