NPO = nothing by mouth

Common Medical Abbreviations

The abbreviations that are used by doctors, nurses, or other medical professionals people to write a description are known as medical abbreviations.

Common Medical Abbreviations:

CAB – carotid artery bruit

RA – right atrium

DVT – deep venous thrombosis

Dx – diagnosis

Rx – prescription, treatment

ECMO – extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

qh – once every hour

IP – inpatient

RF – risk factor

PD – Parkinson’s disease

IQ – intelligence quotient

LBP – lower back pain

In vivo – in the body

RA – rheumatoid arthritis

OU – both eyes

TB – tuberculosis

IUPC – intrauterine pressure catheter

S/S – signs and symptoms

CBC – complete blood count

RUL – right upper lobe

NPO – nothing by mouth

AL – left ear

AC – before meals

LAD – leukocyte adhesion deficiency

RUQ – right upper quadrant

TLC – total lung capacity

FNA – fine needle aspiration

AD – right ear

MG – milligram

qid – four times a day

TPR – temperature, pulse, respiration

SX – symptoms

VBAC – vaginal birth after caesarean section

qpm – every evening

RV – right ventrical, residual volume

ABD – abdomen

XRT – external radiation therapy

VH – vaginal hysterectomy, hallucination

H&P – history and physical examination

SOB – shortness of breath

AIDS – acquired immune deficiency syndrome

TGA – transient global amnesia

Bx – biopsy

IVIG – intravenous immune globulin

BRP – bathroom privileges

N/V – nausea vomiting

q3h – every 3 hours

PAP – pulmonary artery pressure

OPV – oral polio vaccine

CV – cardiovascular

VF – ventricular fibrillation

MR – mental retardation

VSS – vital signs stable

PE – pulmonary embolism

Nat/O – birth

BC – birth control

RDI – recommended daily intake

CBD – common bile duct

NVD – normal vaginal delivery

RAD – reactive airway disease

GTT – glucose tolerance test

MVA – motor vehicle accident

TBI – traumatic brain injury

FHR – fetal heart rate

US – ultrasound

OD – right eye

UO – urine output

RDS – respiratory distress syndrome

PIH – pregnancy induced hypertension

C/F – chills, fever

IUP – intrauterine pregnancy

LLQ – left lower quadrant

OSA – obstructive sleep apnea

OPD – outpatient department

CA – cancer

CAP – capsule

MS – multiple sclerosis

CHD – congenital heart disease

SBS – shaken baby syndrome

JRA – juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

CP – cerebral palsy

EC – eye contact

ML – milliliter

SC/SQ – subcutaneous

UTI – urinary tract infection

DSM – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual on Mental Disorders

ARDS – adult respiratory distress syndrome

HR – heart rate

BMR – basic metabolic rate

IUI – intrauterine insemination

F – fahrenheit

WNL – within normal limits

PMS – premenstrual syndrom

IBS – inflammatory bowel syndrome

FB – foreign body

qhs – at bedtime

FM – fetal movement

iii – 3

CHF – congestive heart failure

i – 1

iv – 4

FL – femur length

JVD – jugular venous distension

RBC – red blood cell

LBW – low birth weight

TAB – tablet

v – 5

BAD – bipolar affective disorder

ARF – acute renal failure, acute rheumatic fever

FSH – follicle stimulating hormone

HS – hour of sleep (bedtime)

KS – Kaposi sarcoma

ICP – intracranial pressure

COLD – chronic obstructive lung disease

ii – 2

BMI – body mass index

O GTT – oral glucose tolerance test

I&D – incision and drainage

BP – blood pressure

GU – genitourinary

In vitro – in the laboratory

T&C – type and cross (blood)

ER – emergency room

FX – fracture

ON – optic neuritis

S – without

AOB – alcohol on breath

Hb – hemoglobin

CVA – cerebral vascular accident (stroke)

DOB – date of birth

DTR – deep tendon reflex

O2 – oxygen

URI – upper respiratory infection

FB – foreign body

PC – after meals

IM – intramuscular

HR – heart rate or hour

ABX – antibiotics

DO – disorder

PCP – primary care physician

Rx – treatment

EDC – estimated date of confinement

PA or PT – patient

UA – urinalysis

SAB – spontaneous abortion

H20 – water

NM – neuromuscular

ECV – external cephalic version

CBF – cerebral blood flow

JCV – JC virus

STD – sexually transmitted disease

HPA – hypothalamic suppression test

LLL – left lower lobe

SBO – small bowel obstruction

NAD – no acute distress

CPR – cardiopulmonary resuscitation

REM – rapid eye movements

MDD – maximum daily dose

IVF – in vitro fertilization

FSE – fetal scalp electrode

ADHD – attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

MD – muscular dystrophy

LIH – left inguinal hernia

P – pulse

WBC – white blood cell

GH – growth hormone

DOA – dead on arrival or date of admission

COPD – chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

A&O – alert and oriented

NKDA – no known drug allergies

H/O – history of

F/C – fever, chills

EDD – estimated delivery date

PKD – polycystic kidney disease

DOT – directly observed therapy

HBV – hepatitis B virus

EBL – estimated blood loss

GTT – glucose tolerance test

GI – gastrointestinal

BID – bis in dies (twice a day)

FNF – finger to nose

UC – ulcerative colitis

OCD – obsessive compulsive disorder

qod – every other day

USOH – usual state of health

BMT – bone marrow transplant

Ad lib – at will, as desired

GLT – glucose loading test

C/S – cesarean section

FEF – forced expiratory flow

BMD – bone mass density

CAD – coronary artery disease

ICU – intensive care unit

FROM – free range of motion

GLT – glucose loading test

LOF – loss of fluid

BE – barium enema

HC – head circumference

WB – whole blood

AU – both ears

FOBT – fecal occult blood testing

ECC – emergency cardiac care

FRC – functional residual capacity

HDL – high density lipoprotein

OS – left eye

RXN – reaction

TIW – three times a week

UE – upper extremity

IBD – inflammatory bowel disease

IVP – intravenous push

CFT – complement fixation testing

I&O – intake and output

PNS – peripheral nervous system

VIP – voluntary interruption of pregnancy

PID – pelvic inflammatory disease

qd – once a day

PO – per os (by mouth)

IBW – ideal body weight

HAV – hepatitis A virus

TAH – total abdominal hysterectomy

BM – bowel movement

IU – international units

PT – physical therapy

hs – hour of sleep (bedtime)

IDDM – insulin dependent diabeter mellitus

VS – vital signs

STAT – immediately

CABG – coronary artery bypass graft

HIV – human immunodeficiency virus

FAS – fetal alcohol syndrome

BAL – blood alcohol level

IPF – idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

MCO – managed care organization

HTN – hypertension

PEEP – positive end expiratory pressure

WT – weight

HDV – hepatitis D virus

ECG or EKG – electrocardiogram

FT – full term

HPI – history of present illness

VB – vaginal bleeding

ID – infectious diseases

OTC – over the counter

PCN – penicillin

NTG – nitroglycerin

CP – chest pain

RHD – rheumatic heart disease

GA – gestational age

HA – headache

HCV – hepatitis C virus

EGA – estimated gestational age

PRN – as needed

GHRH – growth hormone releasing hormone

EGC – early gastric cancer

OCP – oral contraceptive pill

T – temperature

CF – cystic fibrosis

LUQ – left upper quadrant

HA – hemolytic anemia

LUL – left upper lobe

ECT – electroconvulsive therapy

GSW – gunshot wound

IV – intravenous

qam – every morning

q2h – every 2 hours

LV – left ventricle

ECASA – enteric coated acetylsalicylic acid

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