Regular Plural Noun

Regular Plural Noun

What is a regular Plural Noun?

Regular Plural nouns are nouns that represent more than one person, place, thing, or idea. Plural nouns are formed from singular nouns by adding an –s at the end.

Singular Plural
BoyBoys
BookBooks
DreamDreams
GirlGirls
House Houses

Learn how to form regular plural nouns in English with examples.

Regular Plural Noun: Rules and Examples

1. General Rules to Form Plural Nouns

Most singular nouns are made plural by adding -s to the end of the singular form.

Examples:
bag – bags
table – tables
house – houses
dog – dogs

2. Special Rules to Form Plural Nouns

  • Nouns Ending in a Sibilant Sound

    When a noun ends in a sibilant sound – /s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/ or /dʒ/ – the plural is formed by adding -es, or -s if the singular already ends in -e.

    Examples:
    1. kiss – kisses – /ˈkɪsɨz/
    2. dish – dishes – /ˈdɪʃɨz/
    3. witch – witches – /ˈwɪtʃɨz/

  • Nouns Ending in ‘f’ or ‘fe’

    The plural form of some nouns that end in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ is made by changing the ending to -V(es).

    Examples:
    1. knife – knives
    2. thief – thieves
    3. wolf – wolves
    4. half – halves
    5. leaf – leaves
    6. life – lives
    7. roof – roofs
    8. chef – chefs

    Exceptions:
    1. chef – chefs
    2. belief – beliefs
    3. roof – roofs
    4. chief – chiefs
    5. cuff – cuffs
    6. knockoff – knockoffs

  • Nouns Ending in -o

    When a noun ends in “o” preceded by a consonant, the plural in many cases is spelled by adding -es.

    Examples:
    1. mosquito – mosquitoes
    2. potato – potatoes
    3. hero – heroes
    4. tomato – tomatoes

    Exceptions:
    1. piano – pianos
    2. photo – photos
    3. halo – halos
    4. soprano – sopranos


    Nouns that end in ‘o’ preceded by a vowel are made plural by adding -s.

    Examples:
    1. radio – radios
    2. stereo – stereos
    3. video – videos


  • Nouns Ending in -y

    When the ‘y’ follows a consonant, changing ‘y’ to ‘i’ and adding -es.

    Examples:
    1. lady – ladies
    2. puppy – puppies
    3. city – cities
    4. candy – candies
    5. country – countries
    6. family – families

    When the ‘y’ follows a vowel, the plural is formed by retaining the ‘y’ and adding -s.

    Examples:
    1. boy – boys
    2. key – keys
    3. donkey – donkeys
    4. holiday – holidays
    5. day – days

3. Plural Noun Rules for Irregular Nouns

Irregular plural nouns don’t adhere to specific rules.

Examples:
1. Foot – feet
2. Mouse – mice
3. Child – children
4. Tooth – teeth

Sentence Example:
1. I’ve got new sunglasses. Do you like them?
2. He always wears shorts, even in the winter.
3. I bought a new pair of binoculars last week.
4. My clothes are wet. I’ll have to go upstairs and change.

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